Date:  October 14, 2020

Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 571


plus: Believing Muslims now a Minority in Iran

By Elizabeth Kendal

On 1 July 2019 Iranian Christian converts Sam Khosravi (36) and his wife, Maryam Falahi (35), were among eight Christians arrested during raids by the Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS) in Iran's Persian Gulf city of Bushehr [RLPB 510 (10 July 2019)]. While Sam's mother (who is 61) was released because of her age, the remaining seven believers (four men and three women) were convicted of spreading 'propaganda against the state', 'collusion', and 'membership of a group hostile to the regime'. On 21 June 2020 the four men were handed custodial sentences of up to one year in prison each. Sam and his brother, Sasan, received one-year jail terms after which they will face work restrictions and be required to serve a further two years in internal exile. The three women were fined and Maryam, who is a nurse, was also banned for life from working in the public sector (including hospitals) [RLPB 557 (8 July 2020)]. The rulings are being appealed.

As if that were not enough, on 19 July 2020 - in a ruling that has only just come to light - the court also ordered that Sam and Maryam's 20-month-old adopted daughter, Lydia, be returned to state care because, as Christians, Sam and Maryam were 'not fit' to raise her. Sam and Maryam adopted Lydia - who has special needs caused by heart and gastrointestinal diseases - from an orphanage in February 2019 when she was just 10 weeks old and have loved and cared for her ever since. Judge Muhammad Hassan Dashti appeared reluctant to hand down the ruling, leaving observers convinced he was acting under pressure from MOIS. In his verdict, Judge Dashti acknowledged that Lydia displayed an 'intense emotional attachment' to her adoptive parents. He lamented that 'considering the health of the child and her illness, there is zero possibility of giving her away to another family. If the child returns [to the orphanage], it is possible that she would be forever under the protection of the Welfare Department'. With evident sympathy he noted that Sam and Maryam adopted Lydia because 'in 13 years of marriage, [they] didn't have a child to bring light and warmth to their home', before submitting that Lydia (deemed Muslim by the state) should never have been placed in their care.

In seeking to overturn the verdict, the couple's lawyer obtained fatwas (religious rulings) from two Grand Ayatollahs. Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi decreed that due to 'necessity' the child may stay in the family and that the adoption is therefore 'permissible'. Grand Ayatollah Yousef Saanei confirmed that the adoption does not violate Iranian law, and decreed that the child's religion should be determined at puberty. Despite this, on 22 September, the appeals court upheld the ruling and ordered that Lydia (now just shy of her second birthday) be removed from Sam and Maryam's care and returned to the orphanage. The case has prompted an outpouring of sympathy. Advocates are appealing for prayer, that the state might relent and allow Sam and Maryam to keep and care for Lydia as their adopted child. This is critically important, not only for Sam, Maryam and Lydia, but for all Iranian Christians with adopted children.


  • cause a supernatural peace to well up as a spring within the hearts of Sam, Maryam and Lydia; may they look to Jesus for 'rest' (Matthew 11:28); may the Spirit of God bring confidence and hope (Psalm 3:3) and may all persecuted and threatened Iranian Christians know the intimate closeness of their faithful, compassionate and sovereign Heavenly Father (Romans 8:31-39).
    'O Holy Spirit, Grant me the faith that will protect me from despair ...' Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Letters and Papers from Prison, Morning prayers, Christmas 1943).
  • intervene in Iran to stir up indignation over Lydia's case; we pray especially for Judge Muhammad Hassan Dashti and Grand Ayatollahs Naser Makarem Shirazi and Yousef Saanei; may the Spirit of truth enlighten their minds, may the Son enlighten their hearts and may the God of compassion fill them with a burning indignation that cannot be contained.
  • intervene so that the state will relent of this shameful ruling so that Lydia might remain with Sam and Maryam, and so no other Christian family will have to fear or suffer such a cruelty.

UPDATE to RLPB 564 (26 Aug): Joseph Shahbazian (56, an ethnic Armenian) and Malihe Nazari (46, a Persian convert) were arrested in a Tehran house church on 30 June and imprisoned with bail that was exorbitant, unobtainable and unprecedented. We thank God that both Joseph and Malihe have now been released on reduced bail; their trials are pending. Please pray for all Iranian Christians who are facing charges, or who are in prison and separated from loved ones because of their faith; pray also for courageous lawyers, and that indignation over the lack of freedom would continue to grow.

Iran's Islamic regime does not allow religious conversions out of Islam. However, while the state is unwilling to recognise conversions, it still punishes converts as infidels and apostates while continuing to count them as Muslims. This is nothing but a grand deception.
According to a new poll by the Group for Analyzing and Measuring Attitudes in Iran (GAMAAN, a secular non-profit institute in the Netherlands), only 32 percent of all Iranians consider themselves to be Shia Muslims! GAMAAN surveyed 50,000 Iranians (90 percent of whom were inside Iran) and found that, while 78 percent still believe in God, around half have rejected their religion, while six percent have converted to another faith, including 1.5 percent who now identify as Christian. On the basis of its research, GAMAAN estimates that at least 750,000 Christians currently reside in the Islamic Republic (twice the previous estimate), while those who identify as Muslim are now a minority. [GAMAAN report, in Persian.]

GAMAAN findings, in English.
source: Christianity Today (3 Sep 2020)

GAMAAN pie chart june2020